The main message of Marine Litter Vital GraphicsUNEP and GRID-Arendal, 2016. Marine Litter Vital Graphics. United Nations Environment Programme and GRID-Arendal. Nairobi and Arendal. www.unep.org, www.grida.no, published by UNEP and GRID-Arendal in 2016, is that we know enough to design and implement science-based measures to deal with the marine litter problem. The report explores the marine litter problem, its impacts, and potential policy responses and solutions.
Essential long-term solutions include reducing single-use plastics, phasing out non-recoverable plastics, redesigning plastic products to extend their lifespans, and facilitating recovery and recycling. A variety of short-term solutions should be implemented as well.
Adaptive management and policy will be instrumental in incorporating the wealth of knowledge that is continuously being generated on marine plastic debris and microplastics. Besides improved governance at all levels, long-term solutions should focus on behavioural and system changes such as more sustainable production and consumption patterns. By acknowledging factors such as gender, demographics, individual motivations, and different perceptions of risk and responsibility, the cost of action can be reduced.
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